4D Printing
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4D Printing
3D Printing of parts that transform on their own over time.
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4D Printing > ENGINEERING.com

4D Printing > ENGINEERING.com | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


US Army to fund research into reprogrammable, self-assembling structures


Earlier this year MIT researcher Skylar Tibbits made news when he unveiled his 4D printing technique. The technique uses a 3D printer to create objects whose materials can be programmed to assemble into new structures.  It’s now gaining a wide audience, particularly in military circles.

The US Army has awarded an $855,000 grant to develop 4D printing technology with the aim of creating a material that can alter the structure of a fabric, essentially creating adaptive camouflaged uniforms.  

To help develop this technology more rapidly the Army has awarded its grant to a trio of research groups at the University of Pittsburg, Harvard, and the University of Illinois.

According to U. Pitt professor and principal investigator Anna Balazs, “Rather than construct a static material or one that simply changes its shape, we’re proposing the development of adaptive, biomimetic composites that reprogram their shape, properties, or functionality on demand, based upon external stimuli.”

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3D printing is becoming 4D, with shape-shifting objects

3D printing is becoming 4D, with shape-shifting objects | 4D Printing | Scoop.it
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0gMCZFHv9v8 Now that 3D printing is mainstream enough to support high-street shops, facilities at Staples and plenty of cheap printers, researchers have turned their eye to the next stage: 4D printing. The fourth...

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FISHER/UNITECH Blog: 4D Printing? Stratasys Connex and MIT Create Self-Assembling Parts

FISHER/UNITECH Blog: 4D Printing? Stratasys Connex and MIT Create Self-Assembling Parts | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


Blog: 4D Printing? Stratasys Connex and MIT Create Self-Assembling Parts:
Just when you were starting to get ... http://t.co/kzf9UflwiY


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The Future of Printing: Taking it to the 4th Dimension

The Future of Printing: Taking it to the 4th Dimension | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


Find out about how 4D is the future of printing by the expert team here at BTS ltd.


You may be familiar with 3D printing, it is after all quite the rage right now. A 3D printer can be programmed to create anything from a novelty toy to a pre-fabricated shelter, but whilst the technology is still pretty new, the boundaries of potential are being pushed ever further by industry experts.


The latest development to come to light involves 4D printing. This in essence is an object that had been printed using a 3D printer but the special materials used have also been programmed so that they can change shape under set conditions.

As far as examples go, this technology could be used for creating flat pack furniture that builds itself, right through to making it possible to build constructions in hazardous places such as the bottom of the ocean and even outer space.

 

Scientists can programme the materials to change shape based on a variety of parameters, from a change in temperature or pressure to changes in oxygen levels or whether or not water is present. This could make it possible to construct underwater pipelines without having to risk the lives of engineers for example.

 

4D printing could also provide health benefits through programmable nano technology, helping to fight illnesses such as cancer, or maintain bacteria free systems in buildings. Nano bots would be programmed to perform a certain action in the presence of types of bacteria or damaged cells.

 

As for applications within the home, that is surely still the realm of science fiction. 4D printing applications will have a long way to come before we see them in the home or office, but it is worth keeping one eye open to see who will be the first artist or brand to use programmable printed materials for entertainment or leis

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Luke Spooner's curator insight, September 25, 2013 7:22 AM

Interesting to see how this progresses.

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4D Printing is the Future of Design


That's right, it's one D better! Actually, 4D printing is about using a 3D printer to produce self-reconfiguring, programmable material that intelligently arranges itself into basically any object -- with no computers or electricity required!


Skylar Tibbits, an MIT researcher, has already developed prototypes from his self-assembly lab. And this is just the beginning - from skyscrapers to space stations, the promises of 4D printing are amazing.


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The Frager Factor: Forget 3D Here Comes "4D Printing" ; Typo Sends Stock Exchange Plummeting

The Frager Factor: Forget 3D Here Comes "4D Printing" ; Typo Sends Stock Exchange Plummeting | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


PLUS: Needed at Microsoft: A Catch-Up Artist; To Beat the Chaos, Take a Thinking Day; Facebook Pulls Plug on Physical Goods to Focus on Gift Cards; Word of Mouth Or Words of Trust? Bad Writing Does Hurt;
WordPress co-founder on keeping up-to-date... and … Apple CEO Tim Cook faces big challenges on his second anniversary
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If You Think 3D Printing Is Disruptive, Wait for 4D

If You Think 3D Printing Is Disruptive, Wait for 4D | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


If you think 3D printing is disruptive, then what about a technology that uses cells and genome compilers to produce goods that respond to their environment?


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CNN Ideas: Think 3-D printing is cool? Try 4-D



TED Senior Fellow Skylar Tibbits on his new technology that could revolutionize 3-D printing. For more CNN videos, visit our site at


http://www.cnn.com/video/


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CNN Ideas: Think 3-D printing is cool? Try 4-D



TED Senior Fellow Skylar Tibbits on his new technology that could revolutionize 3-D printing. For more CNN videos, visit our site at


http://www.cnn.com/video/


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Self-assembling, multi-rotor drones

Self-assembling, multi-rotor drones | 4D Printing | Scoop.it



The Distributed Flight Array is an experimental project from ETH Zurich; it's a set of 3D-printed hexagonal rotors with magnets on their edges; they automatically join up with one another, sense and compute the aerodynamic properties

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Manufacturing’s Next Frontier: Materials That Assemble Themselves


This project is an entrant in our Innovation By Design Awards.



http://www.fastcodesign.com/1672943/manufacturings-next-frontier-materials-that-assemble-themselves#4



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4D printing: buildings that can change over time

4D printing: buildings that can change over time | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


What if structures could adapt shape and form without any input from us?


Skylar Tibbits explains how 4D printing could make materials that build themselves.


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Want To Know More About 4D Printing? - 3D Printing

Want To Know More About 4D Printing? - 3D Printing | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


Have a look at this great TED talk of Skylar Tibbits. he talks about this new technology where the 4th dimension is time.


This emerging technology will allow us to print objects that then reshape themselves or self-assemble over time.


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Entering a new dimension: 4D printing

Entering a new dimension: 4D printing | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


Entering a new dimension: 4D printing


Imagine an automobile coating that changes its structure to adapt to a humid environment or a salt-covered road, better protecting the car from corrosion. Or consider a soldier’s uniform that could alter its camouflage or more effectively protect against poison gas or shrapnel upon contact.A trio of university researchers from the University of Pittsburgh’s Swanson School of Engineering, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and the University of Illinois is proposing to advance 3D printing one step—or rather, one dimension—further. Thanks to an $855,000 grant from the United States Army Research Office, the team hopes to develop 4D materials, which can exhibit behavior that changes over time.The team includes principal investigator Anna C. Balazs, the Robert v. d. Luft Distinguished Professor of Chemical Engineering in Pitt’s Swanson School of Engineering and a researcher in the computational design of chemo-mechanically responsive gels and composites. Co-investigators are Jennifer A. Lewis, the Hansjörg Wyss Professor of Biologically Inspired Engineering at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences and an expert in 3D printing of functional materials; and Ralph G. Nuzzo, the G. L. Clark Professor of Chemistry and Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at the University of Illinois, a synthetic chemist who has created novel stimuli-responsive materials.The three scientists will integrate their expertise to manipulate materials at nano and micro levels in order to produce, via 3D printing, materials that can modify their structures over time at the macro level. Three-dimensional printing, also known as additive manufacturing, is the process of creating a 3D object based upon a digital model by depositing successive layers of material.“Rather than construct a static material or one that simply changes its shape, we’re proposing the development of adaptive, biomimetic composites that reprogram their shape, properties, or functionality on demand, based upon external stimuli,” Balazs explained. “By integrating our abilities to print precise, three-dimensional, hierarchically-structured materials; synthesize stimuli-responsive components; and predict the temporal behavior of the system, we expect to build the foundation for the new field of 4D printing.”Lewis added that current 3D printing technology allows the researchers to build in complicated functionality at the nano and micro levels—not just throughout an entire structure, but also within specific areas of the structure. “If you use materials that possess the ability to change their properties or shape multiple times, you don’t have to build for a specific, one-time use,” she explained. “Composites that can be reconfigured in the presence of different stimuli could dramatically extend the reach of 3D printing.”Since the research will use responsive fillers embedded within a stimuli-responsive hydrogel, Nuzzo says this opens new routes for producing the next generation of smart sensors, coatings, textiles, and structural components. “The ability to create one fabric that responds to light by changing its color, and to temperature by altering its permeability, and even to an external force by hardening its structure, becomes possible through the creation of responsive materials that are simultaneously adaptive, flexible, lightweight, and strong. It’s this ‘complicated functionality’ that makes true 4D printing a game changer.”


Read more: http://www.nanowerk.com/news2

/newsid=32538.php#ixzz2gZPs9xl9

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'4D' printed objects can change over time in response to new demands

'4D' printed objects can change over time in response to new demands | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


A grant will go toward developing 3D printed objects that could make a solider’s uniform shift to be camouflage or resistant to shrapnel.


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New MIT 3-D Printing Innovations Create Printable Objects That Assemble Themselves

With 4-D printing Skylar Tibbits and the Self Assembly Lab are printing materials that fold transform and shape themselves and could adapt to changing... (We live in the future.
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Forget 3D Printing: Here Comes 4D

Forget 3D Printing: Here Comes 4D | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


3D printing is taking off, but the next version of the technology could make it look as old hat as a traditional factory line.


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4-D Printing: The Solution to a $350 Billion Problem?

4-D Printing: The Solution to a $350 Billion Problem? | 4D Printing | Scoop.it
4-D Printing: The Solution to a $350 Billion Problem?

By Josh Grasmick, The Daily Reckoning Aug 26, 2013, 11:16 AM  

You’ve heard about 3-D printing technology. It’s poised to revolutionize the future of manufacturing globally. We call it the “Click, Print Anything Revolution.”


But do you know about 4-D printing?


4-D printing tech is what happens when 3-D printing gets “smart.” Like a seed that follows the inner instructions of its DNA, 3-D printed materials can be programmed to self-assemble.


These new materials can shift shapes in response to outside forces, such as contact with water, air, gravity, magnets and/or temperature change. “The idea behind 4-D printing,” says director of MIT’s Self-Assembly Lab Skylar Tibbits, “is that you take multimaterial 3-D printing… and you add a new capability, which is transformation.”


Tibbits is collaborating with Stratasys (NASDAQ: SSYS) to further his 4-D printing project at the Self-Assembly Lab. They believe the tech is powerful enough to disrupt “biology, material science, software, robotics, manufacturing, transportation, infrastructure, construction, the arts and even space exploration.”


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4D Printing & the Future of Manufacturing | Capacitor Industry News

4D Printing & the Future of Manufacturing | Capacitor Industry News | 4D Printing | Scoop.it

If you haven’t yet gotten used to the idea that 3D printing is playing an important role in the supply chain, you’d better hurry up.


4D printing is about to change today’s manufacturing by adding transformation capabilities to 3D-printed objects on an industrial scale.


Self-assembly, replication, self-repair, and self-adaptation will change design, and the creative process that gives life to components, giving birth to a new era in the manufacturing world. 3D printing will no longer be a component’s end-of-life. On the contrary, it will be just the beginning.


Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Self-Assembly Lab’s director, Skylar Tibbits, a trained architect, designer, and computer scientist, has been working in collaboration with Stratasys and Autodesk to develop smart components that after being 3D printed can reconfigure themselves without the assistance of a human being



- See more at: http://www.capacitorindustry.com/4d-printing-the-future-of-manufacturing#sthash.N7AVx0f8.dpuf
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Curiousmatic » 4D-Printers Make Self-Assembling Objects

Curiousmatic » 4D-Printers Make Self-Assembling Objects | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


4dprinting opt. Screenshots courtesy of researcher Skyler Tibbits via Vimeo. Modified by Curiousmatic. You've probably heard of 3D-printing, the process with which physical objects can be printed, layer by layer, from plastic,


..

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4D printing: buildings that can change over time


4D printing: buildings that can change over time. Posted on 11 August, 2013 by biochemist. BBC – The way we build our structures has become more and more sophisticated. But the materials we build them from are static, waiting for us to fit

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3D printing is for now, 4D is the future

3D printing is for now, 4D is the future | 4D Printing | Scoop.it
Knovel is a web-based application integrating technical information with analytical and search tools to drive innovation and deliver answers engineers can trust.
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College Online Learning: 4D printing: buildings that can change ...

College Online Learning: 4D printing: buildings that can change ... | 4D Printing | Scoop.it
What if structures could adapt shape and form without any input from us? Skylar Tibbits explains how 4D printing could make materials that build themselves. See on bbc.com via Tumblr 4D printing: buildings that can change ...
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3D Printing is So 20th Century – Introducing 4D Printing - CAPINC

3D Printing is So 20th Century – Introducing 4D Printing - CAPINC | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


Press references to “3D Printing” have increased by two orders of magnitude in the last two years as the technology – and low-cost maker-grade devices

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4D Printing: The New Human Bionics - SERIOUS WONDER

4D Printing: The New Human Bionics - SERIOUS WONDER | 4D Printing | Scoop.it


4D Printing: The New Human Bionics. The essence of human identity is increasingly in the hands of a new generation.




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